Thursday, 25 June 2009

Psalm 110 and Postmillenialism

Postmillenialism is my favourite brand of eschatology. If I could choose one of the options to be true (i.e. amill, classical premill, dispie premill, preterist postmill, classical postmill) I'd choose the postmillenial option. In short, and at the risk of charicature, the postmillenial position on eschatology teaches that the gospel will conquer the world to the extent that the knowledge of God will cover the earth as the waters cover the sea BEFORE the Lord returns. The church will succeed in converting the world and then Christ will return to 'take over the reigns'.

You've got to love such a position. As well as having a reformed heritage, I can't help but see the benefit in it stimulating hopeful evangelism. Knowing that the gospel is going to conquer the world, no matter what resistance one may face, should instil an iron spirit in even the most timid evangelist. Nevertheless, despite it's obvious attractions, the big question remains, i.e. is postmillenialism biblical?

I read Psalm 110 the other day. Verses 5-10 speak of the eschatological judgement wrought by God's warrior king:

The Lord is at your right hand; he will shatter kings on the day of his wrath. He will execute judgment among the nations, filling them with corpses; he will shatter chiefs over the wide earth. He will drink from the brook by the way; therefore he will lift up his head. (ESV)

The obvious question is, if the gospel is going to have such a far reaching impact on the earth then why is Christ returning to judge? I know the pat answer, 'while righteousness flourishes, evil will also flourish and Christ will return to destroy his last enemies.' Still this doesn't make sense within the postmill framework. Like I said, if the gospel is to have such a far reaching impact on the earth, why does his judgement still require that he 'fills the nations with corpses' and that he 'shatter chiefs over the wide earth'?

Wednesday, 24 June 2009

J.I. Packer on the church

“The acid test of the church’s state is what happens in the local congregation. Each congregation is a visible outcrop of the one church universal, called to serve God and men in humility while living in prospect of glory. Spirit-filled for worship and witness, active in love and care for insiders and outsiders alike, self-supporting and self-propagating, each congregation is to be a spearhead of divine counterattack for the recapture of a rebel world."

Above quote taken from Affirming the Apostles' Creed, the chapter on The Holy Catholic Church.

Packer then asks: How is your congregation getting on?


Thursday, 18 June 2009

Cool Kids

If God is cool then humanity was made to be cool too.

Humanity was created to be creative. Humanity was created to order the world. Humanity was created to oversee the world. Humanity was created to love the world.

What else can it mean for humanity to be made in the image of the cool God?

Saturday, 13 June 2009

Bird on Waters on Wright on Justification

A helpful postscript from Mike Bird on Waters' review of N.T Wright's latest work. Judgement "according" to works is not the same thing as a judgement "based" on works.

Thursday, 11 June 2009

Damage Limitation

Times they are a changing.

In other news I realised overnight that Genesis 1-3 teaches that God is cool. God creates... God orders... God oversees... God loves... the world. These will be the headings in the first of a series of talks I am giving next weekend. The gospel in Genesis 1-3. God Humanity and Jesus. I never tire of something Sinclair Ferguson once said... the Bible is basically a footnote to Genesis 3:15. Should be an exciting couple of days sharing this message with a (God is) cool group of 18-26 year olds.

Question: In the story of Genesis meat only becomes a permissible food late in the pre-history of humanity. It appears that the original model was that we should eat shoots and leaves and nuts and stuff. So why does meat taste so good? I think I know the theological answer... will share it later.

Wednesday, 10 June 2009

Sinclair Ferguson on James 3

I listened to this yesterday. It is simply the best sermon I've ever heard on controlling the tongue. If you are a fellow idiot in this regard, I recommend it.

Justification and Judgement According to Works

Is judgement according to works only for unbelievers? Is it un-confessional to insist otherwise? Goodwin is arguing no.

Friday, 5 June 2009

Charismatic Gifts and Contemporary Experience

Adrian Warnock is blogging through a series on the gifts of the Holy Spirit. I'll lay my cards on the table and say that I'm not impressed. It perplexes me when I see charismatics breaking down the list in 1 Corinthian 12 and describing each gift independently from the others. How for instance, does one distinguish a word of knowledge from prophecy? Or for that matter, gifts of healings from workings of miracles? Could not Paul's list include differring synonyms for the same experience? It is also interesting to see charismatic exegetes scraping around desperately to find examples of these gifts in contemporary experience.

It is illuminating when one considers the sheer volume of contemporary Christians who claim to speak in 'tongues' (lit. glossolalia which our bibles mis-translate as 'tongues'; the word means 'languages') relative to the apparent scarcity of those with the gift of miracles. Given the prevalence of tongues speakers in the church, one would expect a correlation in the numbers of miracle workers. So I ask the hard question, how many people are being raised from the dead or healed of incurable diseases? How many blind eyes are opened in our UK churches on a regular basis?

Is it possible that contemporary examples of tongues are just complete babble? For instance, it is interesting to hear charismatic teaching on 'how' to seek the gift of tongues. The teaching tends to go: 'pray and ask God by his Spirit to give you this gift. Then just speak out in faith, trusting God all the while to give you the words'. If that's all there is to speaking in tongues, if it's that simple, you'd have thought the apostle Paul might have given some instruction along these lines. But he doesn't. If that's all there is to speaking in tongues, then surely anyone could do it? But they can't. 'Do all speak in tongues?' (1 Cor.12:30) is the rhetorical question Paul asks the Corinthians. If that's all there is to speaking in tongues then surely it renders Paul's statement 'I thank God that I speak in tongues more than all of you' (1 Cor.14:18) as totally meaningless?

According to Paul, tongues isn't something you can turn on at will (although 1 Cor. 14:32 suggests that tongues speakers could resist the gift if necessary). Not everyone can do it. It is a sovereign activity of the Spirit moving upon someone to speak in a foreign language they have never learned before. It is not shouting 'banana' backwards or 'alavabeersheelavashandy'

What is one to make of contemporary 'evidences' of the gift of prophecy? I've mentioned before on RandR the example of C.H Spurgeon pointing to a gentleman in his crowd and calling him out for opening his shop on the Sabbath and accurately telling him that he took 'fourpence' profit. 'There you go', say charismatics like Jack Deere and Sam Storms, 'there's an instance of contemporary prophecy'. Yet there's a turd in the historical-theological punch bowl these guys are sipping from. The fact is that Spurgeon was a cessationist and never interpreted this experience as prophecy. We'll come back to this example later as we make some conclusions.

Most modern theologies of continuing prophecy rest on Wayne Grudem's analysis of the gift. Grudem asserts that prophecy in the NT is different to prophecy in the OT sense. The prophets in the OT spoke inspired words. The prophets in the NT speak fallible words. The visions AND utterances of OT prophets were infallible, while only the visions of NT prophets are infallible, while their report of such a vision/impression/thought are fallible.

Grudem speaks of NT prophecy as a fallible report of what God brings to mind. He would make the point that while OT prophets were to be obeyed hook line and sinker, NT prophets are not to be obeyed like this. OT prophets spoke with such authority that if they spoke falsely, they were to be stoned (Deut. 18: 20, 21). Whereas, there is no such sanction for false prophecies in the NT. Why? Because NT prophets speak with less authority. (That should cause alarm right away; as we move to the NT we see prophets speaking with less authority? So New Covenant prophets are rubbish while Old Covenant ones were awesome? Come on.)

For instance, the argument goes, in the NT one reads in 1 Thess. 5:20 "Do not despise prophecies. Test what is good, reject what is evil." Further, when prophecies were uttered in Corinth the people were to 'weigh carefully' (1 Cor. 14:29 TNIV) what was said. The spiritual were to test what NT prophets say, sifting through the words to get the good of it while rejecting the chaff.

Yet this argument simply does not make the best sense of the biblical data. As I've already mentioned, as redemptive history sweeps to the New Covenant from the Old, we see a ratcheting up of priveledge and blessing on the one hand, and sanctions and cursing on the other. Are we really to suppose that the NT prophets spoke with an inferior authority to their OT counterparts? Is it true that while even the least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than these OT prophets, that nevertheless the NT prophets speak with less authority? I don't think so.

Sure OT false prophets were to be shunned and stoned, that is true. But to cite Deuteronomy 18 as an example of OT prophets being held to a higher accountability than NT prophets is nonsense. Surely New Covenant sanctions are far more grave? The church is not called to stone false prophets but, in this age of mercy and salvation, to hand them over to Satan for the destruction of the flesh so that their spirit might be saved on the Day of the Lord (1 Cor. 5:5). If they refuse to repent, stoning is the least of their worries. Think of the false prophetess Jezebel in the church of Thyatira (Rev 2:20-26). False prophets have to deal with Christ himself.

The fact of the matter is, all NT prophecy is authoritative. When Agabus spoke he said, "Thus says the Holy Spirit,.." (Acts 21:11) It's interesting that Jack Deere and Wayne Grudem don't think NT prophets can say this. Deere counsels that it's better to saysomething like, "I think the Lord might be bringing to mind that..." In other words, hedge your bets.

No, NT prophets spoke God's word. Indeed, as the book of Revelation tells us, 'The testimony of Jesus is the Spirit of Prophecy." (Rev. 19:10) Prophecy was inspired revelation about Christ in the gospel. Now with the completion of the NT canon, we have inspired prophecy in our hands whenever we open our NIVs/ESVs etc. I don't need a Paul Cain to tell me I've got unconfessed sin or a cist on my ass.


What then, should we make of Spurgeon's experience? Well, as Gaffin put it, couldn't it be an example of Spirit given insight? Do we really need to re-categorise it as NT prophecy? What about the anecdotal evidence provided by some that Spurgeon's prayers raised up more sick than all the physicians of London? Can we not see these healings as God's gracious answer to prayer as opposed to comparing it with the hands-laying ministry of NT healers? I think we can.

We can embrace authentic post-canonical works of the Spirit without equating them to 1 Corinthians 12. When we desperately try to match up our experience with Christ and the apostles, we devalue the staggering and mouth-dropping nature of their work. Why should the watching world believe in the greatness and authenticity of Christ's miracles when Christians are so quick to believe the erroneous claims of Todd Bentley et al? Cessationist aren't kill joys. We are zealous for Christ and his word and the authenticity of his miracles while at the same time being enthusiastic to embrace authentic works of the Spirit in contemporary experience.

Thursday, 4 June 2009

Tuesday, 2 June 2009

Andy Hunter

Andy is full-time elder at Greenview Evangelical Church on the south-side of Glasgow. He preached a stonking message on Habbakuk on Sunday night. Every time I hear him I come away challenged, refreshed and encouraged. I doubt you'll find much better exegetical preaching than Andy's anywhere on the internet, and this despite the dodgy hair-do and his funny pronunciation of words like 'verses' (virsees). His blog is here and his sermons are here.

Stuff in the Pipeline

Over the coming weeks I will (God willing):
  • Review a cracking limited edition of the HCSB Minister's Bible
  • Review a Cambridge TNIV popular edition
  • Finally get round to reviewing more Fesko. Apologies to those who are waiting for the next instalment.

"...horrified and appalled..."

It's not just the anti-gay Church of Scotland ministers who are angry.

I'll mail penny chews to every preacher who uses the phrase "horrified and appalled" in their next sermon... as long as you promise not to die of embarrassment before receiving your reward.

Go on Revs... get your knickers in a twist for me. Quickly, please, before the whole nation sinks into the mud and mire.

While you all do that I might start using another word more often. Pathetic.

HT: Dave Slater